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Microlattices as architected thin films: Analysis of mechanical properties and high strain elastic recovery

Author(s): Kevin J. Maloney | Christopher S. Roper | Alan J. Jacobsen | William B. Carter | Lorenzo Valdevit | Tobias A. Schaedler

Journal: APL Materials
ISSN 2166-532X

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 022106;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Ordered periodic microlattices with densities from 0.5 mg/cm3 to 500 mg/cm3 are fabricated by depositing various thin film materials (Au, Cu, Ni, SiO2, poly(C8H4F4)) onto sacrificial polymer lattice templates. Young's modulus and strength are measured in compression and the density scaling is determined. At low relative densities, recovery from compressive strains of 50% and higher is observed, independent of lattice material. An analytical model is shown to accurately predict the transition between recoverable “pseudo-superelastic” and irrecoverable plastic deformation for all constituent materials. These materials are of interest for energy storage applications, deployable structures, and for acoustic, shock, and vibration damping.
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