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Modelling, analysis and optimisation of weld bead parameters of nickel based overlay deposited by plasma transferred arc surfacing

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Author(s): K. Siva | N. Murugan | V.P. Raghupathy

Journal: Archives of Computational Materials Science and Surface Engineering
ISSN 1689-9210

Volume: 1;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 174;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: PTA welding | Overlay | Stainless steel 316L | Colmonoy | Dilution | Penetration | Reinforcement | Regression analysis | Mathematical model | Validation | Optimization

ABSTRACT
Purpose: Plasma Transferred Arc surfacing is increasingly used in applications where enhancement of wear, corrosion and heat resistance of materials surface is required. The shape of weld bead geometry affected by the PTA Welding process parameters is an indication of the quality of the weld. In the paper the modelling, analysis and optimization of weld bead parameters of nickel based overlay deposited by plasma transferred arc surfacing are made.Design/methodology/approach: The experiments were conducted based on a five factor, five level central composite rotatable design and a mathematical model was developed using multiple regression technique. The direct and interaction effects of input process parameters of PTA Hardfacing on weld bead geometry are discussed. Finally, Microsoft Excel Solver has been used to optimize the process parameter with a view to economize the powder and achieve the desirable bead dimensions.Findings: Penetration, dilution and total area are increased when the welding current is increased but reinforcement marginally increases and then decreases. Penetration, weld width, dilution and total area decrease when travel speed is increased. Reinforcement increases slightly and then decreases.Practical implications: The developed mathematical models can be used to predict the dimensions of the weld bead and dilution.Originality/value: This paper highlights the development of a mathematical model correlating various process parameters to weld bead geometry in PTA hardfacing of Colmonoy 5, a Nickel based alloy over Stainless steel 316 L plates.
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