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Morphological studies of the stomach of falcon

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Author(s): Mohamed Mohamed Abdel-Rahman Abumandour

Journal: Scientific Journal of Veterinary Advances
ISSN 2322-1879

Volume: 2;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 30;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Falcon | Proventriculus | Gizzard | Histology

ABSTRACT
A morphological study of the stomach of the falcon was carried out, grossly and under light microscopy. Anatomically, the stomach of the falcon is constituted by two externally distinguishable chambers: a cranial chamber, the proventriculus (pars glandularis), which is cranially connected to the esophagus and caudally, to the gizzard (ventriculus or pars muscularis). There is no papilla on the gastric epithelium surface of the proventricular. Both, the mucous tunic of the proventriculus and of the gizzard present folds lined by simple columnar epithelium. The tunica mucosa of the proventriculus is extensively folded due to the presence of well-developed longitudinal muscle bundles. There is no intermediate zone (isthmus) between the proventriculus and the gizzard. The luminal surface of the ventriculus have cuticle, which is sloughed and shed small fine area (around the pyloric opening) and very thin membrane and highly closely adherent to the lining surface of gizzard.
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