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MORPHOMETRIC CHANGES OF THE RIVER BODROG FROM THE LATE 18TH CENTURY TO 2006

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Author(s): NIKOLETTA MECSER | GÁBOR DEMETER | GERGELY SZABÓ

Journal: Acta Geographica Debrecina. Landscape and Environment Series
ISSN 1789-4921

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 28;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: river regulation | GIS | channel morphometry | channel development

ABSTRACT
The river regulations of the 19th century have affected each of our rivers to a different degree. In the case of the River Bodrog it was stronger than the average. In our paper a section of the river betweenBodroghalász and Szegi was examined, the extent and intensity of river channel changes was intended to be determined. The applied series of maps and aerial photos was georeferred and the riverchannel was vectorized. The morphometric parameters of the channel were measured and the changes were evaluated using the created database. From methodological aspect we concluded that the 9 variables can be grouped into 3 factors therefore most of the indexes can be substituted. We measured the changes of length and lateral shift of the channel using GIS methods. Three development periodswere identified based on our results. In the first period the development of the river was characterized by natural processes. Then, the development of the river altered owing to the antropogenic impacts. In this transient phase the average shifting of the channel was 7.43 m/y. In the third term this value reduces to 0.2 m/y as the river is getting to reach the equilibrium stage.
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