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Natriuretic Peptides in Kawasaki Disease: the Myocardial Perspective

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Author(s): Nagib Dahdah | Anne Fournier

Journal: Diagnostics
ISSN 2075-4418

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Kawasaki disease | myocarditis | NT-proBNP | hyponatremia | diagnosis | prognosis

ABSTRACT
Making a diagnosis of Kawasaki disease with certainty may be challenging, especially since the recognition of cases with incomplete diagnostic criteria and its consequences. In order to build the diagnostic case in daily practice, clinicians rely on clinical criteria established over four decades ago, aided by non specific laboratory tests, and above all inspired by experience. We have recently studied the diagnostic value of N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide to improve the diagnostic certainty of cases with complete or incomplete clinical criteria. Our working hypothesis was based on the fact that myocarditis is present in nearly all Kawasaki disease patients supported by histology data. In this paper, we review these facts and the myocardial perspective from the diagnostic and the mechanistic standpoints.
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