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New sweet cherry varieties created at the Fruit Research and Development Station Bistrita

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Author(s): Angela Festila | Raveca Balaci | Ioan Zagrai | Luminita Zagrai | Ioan Platon

Journal: Scientific Papers of the Research Institute for Fruit Growing Pitesti, Romania
ISSN 1584-2231

Volume: XXVI;
Start page: 7;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: New varieties | harvest maturity | productivity | fruit quality

ABSTRACT
Obtaining new sweet cherry varieties with high quality fruits, different ripening periods, disease resistance, which turn to account the maximum of the pedoclimatic conditions of the Transylvania area it’s one of the main concerns of the breeders from Fruit Research and Development Station Bistrita. In Romania similar studies have been made especially at ICDP Pitesti - Maracineni and at SCDP Iasi. In order to obtain new sweet cherry varieties which satisfy the current demands of the consumers and growers, in the last five years were studied at SCDP Bistrita ten sweet cherry hybrids with early and middle ripening (BN 2/224, BN 12/12, BN 1/1, BN 3/112, BN 2/66, BN 13/6, BN 18/24, BN 14/83, BN 18/6, BN 2/158) and four hybrids with late ripening (BN 14/148, BN 3/5 M2, BN 14/92, BN 3/29). All these hybrids showed interest for selection especially in terms of productivity and fruit quality. The study of the biologic material was made according to the usual methodology for field trial. Among the 14 hybrids studied two were distinguished through high quality of fruits, very good yield and good resistance to stress factors and in 2009 they were homologated as Gloria (BN 2/158) and Ivona (BN 3/29). Gloria (Boambe de Cotnari x Van) has middle ripening, red bigaroon fruits (Van type) with big size (8.0 g), an average of 18.2 % dry matter and very high yield (25.0 kg/tree). Ivona (Hedelfinger x Van) has late ripening, pink bigaroon fruits with middle size (6.0 g), high yield (22,0 kg/tree) and an average of 15.8 % dry matter. Both varieties have good tolerance for Monilinia laxa and for Coccomyces hiemalis.
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