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Observations of tropical rain with a polarimetric X-band radar: first results from the CHUVA campaign

Author(s): M. Schneebeli | J. Sakuragi | T. Biscaro | C. F. Angelis | I. Carvalho da Costa | C. Morales | L. Baldini | L. A. T. Machado

Journal: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions
ISSN 1867-8610

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1717;
Date: 2012;
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A polarimetric X-band radar has been deployed during one month (April 2011) for a field campaign in Fortaleza, Brazil, together with additional sensors like a Ka-band vertically pointing frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) radar and three laser disdrometers. The disdrometers as well as the FMCW radar are capable of measuring the rain drop size distributions (DSDs), hence making it possible to forward-model theoretical polarimetric X-band radar observables at the point where the instruments are located. This set-up allows to thoroughly test the accuracy of the X-band radar measurements as well as the algorithms that are used to correct the radar data for radome and rain attenuation. In the first campaign in Fortaleza it was found that radome attenuation dominantly affects the measurements. With an algorithm that is based on the self-consistency of the polarimetric observables, the radome induced reflectivity offset was estimated. Offset corrected measurements were then further corrected for rain attenuation with two different schemes. The performance of the post-processing steps is being analyzed by comparing the data with disdrometer-inferred polarimetric variables that were measured in a distance of 20 km to the radar.
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