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On the Power of Function Values for the Approximation Problem in Various Settings

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Author(s): Erich Novak | Henryk Wo┼║niakowski

Journal: Surveys in Approximation Theory
ISSN 1555-578X

Volume: 6;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: degree of approximation | widths and sampling numbers | complexity of numerical algorithms

ABSTRACT
This is an expository paper on approximating functions from general Hilbert or Banach spaces in the worst case, average case and randomized settings with error measured in the Lp sense. We define the power function as the ratio between the best rate of convergence of algorithms that use function values over the best rate of convergence of algorithms that use arbitrary linear functionals for a worst possible Hilbert or Banach space for which the problem of approximating functions is well defined. Obviously, the power function takes values at most one. If these values are one or close to one than the power of function values is the same or almost the same as the power of arbitrary linear functionals. We summarize and supply a few new estimates on the power function. We also indicate eight open problems related to the power function since this function has not yet been studied in many cases. We believe that the open problems will be of interest to a general audience of mathematicians.

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