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ORTHOPEDIC AND BIOMECHANICAL FEATURES FOR RUNNING SHOES FOR SPRINTS, MEDIUM AND LONG DISTANCES

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Author(s): Cornelia Ionescu Luca | Cristina Secan

Journal: Annals of the University of Oradea. Fascicle of Textiles, Leatherwork
ISSN 1843-813X

Volume: XIV;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 115;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: athletics | running biomechanics | track and field shoes

ABSTRACT
Athletics is the sport discipline that has 3 simple event types and 2 multiple events competitions. The simple events are: running, jumps, and throws and the multiple events competitions are: decathlon and heptathlon. The running events are 100 m, 200 m and 400 m dash and 800 m, 1500 m, 5000 m and 10000 m; 100m, 400 m and 3000 m hurdles; marathon, 20 km and 50 km march and cross-country. Different athletics events will require different types of sport shoes, designed for the specific events. Because of the high number of the athletic events and implicitly the number of different kind of shoes used in these events, we will refer to the general features of shoes for short, medium and long distances.Athletics shoes are different as structure and design depending on the events they are intended for. Running for short distances is different than running for medium or long distances, because of the biomechanical features of the movement. This paper will present: particularities of the foot biomechanics while running on short, medium and long distances, general aspects about the running biomechanics; features of the athlete’s leg biomechanics during sprint and long-distance running events and orthopedic and biomechanical features for running shoes for sprints, medium and long distances of the specific shoes for these events.
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