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Participatory surveillance of livestock and poultry diseases in Agidi development area of Nasarawa state Nigeria

Author(s): Akawu Bala | Lawal U Muhammad | pauline k Dachin | Samuel Akawu Anzaku | mohammed Ahmed Saulawa | Samuel Pakbong | Ardo Abdullahi | Victor Haruna

Journal: Scientific Journal of Veterinary Advances
ISSN 2322-1879

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 38;
Date: 2012;
Original page

A participatory surveillance of livestock and poultry diseases was carried out in Agidi Development Area of Nasarawa State among 123 farmers, 29 of the respondent were female, while 94 were male. Open-ended interviews were utilized where necessary to clarify information that needed clarifications by the respondents; physical examination of the some affected animals and it surroundings were carried out during the surveillance. The following diseases were established in the study area: Peste des peptits ruminants, Foot rot, helminthosis, mite/lice/flea infestation, tick infestation, bloat, Orf (Contagious ecthyma), poison, mange, Newcastle disease, fowl pox, coccidiosis, infectious bursal disease (Gumboro), chronic respiratory disease, African Swine Fever (ASF), abortion, Dystocia, sudden death, foot and mouth disease, Fascioliasis, trypanosomosis, black quarter disease, babesiosis, and wounds. Some of these diseases have specific period (season) of outbreak, while some occurs at all season. Analysis of data indicated that Newcastle disease was the most important disease of poultry, Peste des peptits ruminants was the disease that lead to high mortality in small ruminants, while African Swine Fever (ASF) is the most devastating disease of pigs, and Lice/flea infestation is the most common disease to poultry, small ruminants and pigs, in the study area.
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