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Pattern of Young and Old Onset Rheumatoid Arthritis  (YORA and EORA) Among a Group of Egyptian Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

Author(s): Abdou S. El-Labban | Hanaa A.S. Abo Omar | Rawhya R. EL-Shereif | Fatma Ali | Tarek M. El-Mansoury

Journal: Clinical Medicine Insights : Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
ISSN 1179-5441

Volume: 2010;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 25;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Objective: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) differs depending on the age of disease onset. The differences between EORA and YORA are important because they have clinical and therapeutic implications. Method: 1185 patients were ranked after classification according to age at onset of the disease into YORA I (16–40 years), YORA II (41–60 years) and EORA .60 years. All patients groups were compared, based on disease duration, disease activity, severity parameters and drug history. Results: YORA I included 298 patients, 28.85% were males, with mean age of 29.4 ± 6 years and disease duration 4 ± 3.3 y, YORA II included 539 patients, 33.77% males, age 49.7 ± 6.1 y and disease duration 6.5 ± 5.6 y. EORA included 348 RA patients 40.5% males, age 67.1 ± 6.6 y, disease duration 9.95 ± 7.2 y. Activity was increased in EORA compared to YORA I and YORA II, while severity decreased in EORA. ESR, CRP and degree of anemia were higher in EORA. RF titer was higher in YORA. Small joints of the hands and feet were more involved in YORA, while, large joints in EORA. Rheumatoid nodules were increased in YORA I than EORA P = 0.04. Polymyalgia rheumatica was exclusively present in EORA group 25 patients 7.2%. Methotrexate was used in both YORA and EORA, with a higher mean of dosage in YORA than EORA. Multiple DMARDs in EORA was 57.9%, and biologics in 0.8% was which was significantly lower compared with YORA I, 86.3% and 1.7%, with P = 0.001. Conclusion: EORA has more active and less disabling and affects more males than YORA. The use of biologic therapy and combination DMARD therapy was less in EORA.

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