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Performance Analysis of the Capability Assessment Tool for Sustainable Manufacturing

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Author(s): Aleksandar Subic | Bahman Shabani | Mehdi Hedayati | Enda Crossin

Journal: Sustainability
ISSN 2071-1050

Volume: 5;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 3543;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: sustainable manufacturing | environmental sustainability | capability assessment | assessment tool | sensitivity analysis

ABSTRACT
This paper explores the performance of a novel capability assessment tool, developed to identify capability gaps and associated training and development requirements across the supply chain for environmentally-sustainable manufacturing. The tool was developed to assess 170 capabilities that have been clustered with respect to key areas of concern such as managing energy, water, material resources, carbon emissions and waste as well as environmental management practices for sustainability. Two independent expert teams used the tool to assess a sample group of five first and second tier sports apparel and footwear suppliers within the supply chain of a global sporting goods manufacturer in Asia. The paper addresses the reliability and robustness of the developed assessment method by formulating the expected links between the assessment results. The management practices of the participating suppliers were shown to be closely connected to their performance in managing their resources and emissions. The companies’ initiatives in implementing energy efficiency measures were found to be generally related to their performance in carbon emissions management. The suppliers were also asked to undertake a self-assessment by using a short questionnaire. The large gap between the comprehensive assessment and these in-house self-assessments revealed the suppliers’ misconceptions about their capabilities.
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