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Physical fitness of short children from the rural area --- Sprawność fizyczna dzieci niskorosłych ze środowiska wiejskiego

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Author(s): Magdalena Krzykała | Anna Demuth | Urszula Czerniak | Jan Konarski | Krzysztof Karpowicz | Jarosław Janowski

Journal: Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
ISSN 1234-625X

Volume: 13;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 139;
Date: 2007;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Introduction: In past decades we May observe in Poland the secullar trend of somatic features as Wall as the phenomenon of maturity processes acceleration. On the other side physical fitness research results are diversified and are the results of multiple factors influence. From population of children, among which appear the effects of secullar trend in somatic parameters we may mark the group of children diversified with body build from, as called "evolutionary norm" which may be described as short children.The aim of thiswork is determining physical fitness characteristics of short children in rural area of Wielkopolska region, in which we conducted wi-de population research in 2007.Material and method: For the analyze were used data of 145 females and 140 males at age 7-9, pupils of five basic schools from rural area of Wielkopolska region. For the estimation of physical fitness of children were used test which describe basic motor abilities. For the estimation of speed was used a 5m run. For the estimation of strength was used the dynamometric measurement of hand strength test. Coordination abilities were de-termined by a run on the figure of eight. Efficiency was determined on the basis of Montoy'e step test. Conclusions1.The analyze of data shows a lower level of motor development in comparison to children whose body height is placed over 10th centyle.2.Especially important differences were o observed in the case of muscle strength what may be result of low body height, low body mass as well as low muscle mass level.3.Low quantity of researched ones characterized with short body height (about 17% among girls and about 13 % among boys) points towards delicate concluding, concerning great diversity in this group and strong influation on average values of individual fitness tests.
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