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Practical experiences for the development of educational sys-tems in the semantic web

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Author(s): Mª del Mar Sánchez Vera | Jesualdo Tomás Fernández | José Luis Serrano Sánchez | M. Paz Prendes Espinosa

Journal: Journal of New Approaches in Educational Research
ISSN 2254-7339

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 23;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: SEMALEARNING | ASSESSMENT | EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY | ONLINE SYSTEMS | INTERNET

ABSTRACT
Semantic Web technologies have been applied in educational settings for different purposes in recent years, with the type of application being mainly defined by the way in which knowledge is represented and exploited. The basic technology for knowledge representation in Semantic Web settings is the ontology, which represents a common, shareable and reusable view of a particular application domain. Ontologies can support different activities in educational settings such as organizing course contents, classifying learning objects or assessing learning levels. Consequently, ontologies can become a very useful tool from a pedagogical perspective. This paper focuses on two different experiences where Semantic Web technologies are used in educational settings, the difference between them lying in how knowledge is obtained and represented. On the one hand, the OeLE platform uses ontologies as a support for assessment processes. Such ontologies have to be designed and implemented in semantic languages apt to be used by OeLE. On the other hand, the ENSEMBLE project pursues the development of semantic web applications by creating specific knowledge representations drawn from user needs. Our paper is consequently going to offer an in-depth analysis of the role played by ontologies, showing how they can be used in different ways drawing a comparison between model patterns and examining the ways in which they can complement each other as well as their practical implications
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