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A preliminary checklist of macrofungi of Guatemala, with notes on edibility and traditional knowledge

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Author(s): Flores Arzú R | Comandini O | Rinaldi AC

Journal: Mycosphere
ISSN 2077-7000

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Ectomycorrhizal fungi | Ethnomycology | Macromycetes | Neotropical fungi | Regional list

ABSTRACT
Despite its biological wealth, current knowledge on the macromycetes inhabiting Guatemala is scant, in part because of the prolonged civil war that has prevented exploration of many ecological niches. We provide a preliminary literature–based checklist of the macrofungi occuring in the various ecological regions of Guatemala, supplemented with original observations reported here for the first time. Three hundred and fifty species, 163 genera, and 20 orders in the Ascomycota and Basidiomycota have been reported from Guatemala. Many of the entries pertain to ectomycorrhizal fungal species that live in symbiosis with the several Pinus and Quercus species that form the extensive pine and mixed forests of the highlands (up to 3600 m a.s.l.). As part of an ongoing study of the ethnomycology of the Maya populations in the Guatemalan highlands, we also report on the traditional knowledge about macrofungi and their uses among native people. These preliminary data confirm the impression that Guatemala hosts a macrofungal diversity that is by no means smaller than that recorded in better studied neighboring Mesoamerican areas, such as Mexico and Costa Rica.
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