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Prevalence of α-thalassemia 3.7 kb deletion in the adult population of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

Author(s): Gustavo Henrique de Medeiros Alcoforado | Christiane Medeiros Bezerra | Telma Maria Araújo Moura Lemos | Denise Madureira de Oliveira | Elza Miyuki Kimura | Fernando Ferreira Costa | Maria de Fátima Sonati | Tereza Maria Dantas de Medeiros

Journal: Genetics and Molecular Biology
ISSN 1415-4757

Volume: 35;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 594;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: alpha-thalassemia | -α3.7 kb deletion | Brazilian population

α-Thalassemia, arising from a defect in a-globin chain synthesis, is often caused by deletions involving one or both of the a-genes on the same allele. With the aim of investigating the prevalence of α-thalassemia 3.7 kb deletion in the adult population of Rio Grande do Norte, 713 unrelated individuals, between 18 and 59 years-of-age, were analyzed. Red blood cell indices were electronically determined, and A2 and F hemoglobins evaluated by HPLC. PCR was applied to the molecular investigation of α-thalassemia 3.7 kb deletion. Eighty (11.2%) of the 713 individuals investigated presented α-thalassemia, of which 79 (11.1%) were heterozygous (-α3.7/αα) deletions and 1 (0.1%) homozy- gous (-α3.7/-α3.7). Ethnically, heterozygous deletions were higher (24.8%) in Afro-Brazilians. Comparison of hemato- logical parameters between individuals with normal genotype and those with heterozygous α+-thalassemia showed a statistically significant difference in the number of erythrocytes (p < 0.001), MCV (p < 0.001), MCH (p < 0.001) and Hb A2 (p = 0.007). This study is one of the first dedicated to investigating α-thalassemia 3.7 kb deletion in the population of the State Rio Grande do Norte state. Results obtained demonstrate the importance of investigating this condition in order to elucidate the causes of microcytosis and hypochromia.

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