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Prevalence of anemia in children 1 to 12 years of age: results from a nationwide probabilistic survey in Mexico

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Author(s): Villalpando Salvador | Shamah-Levy Teresa | Ramírez-Silva Claudia Ivonne | Mejía-Rodríguez Fabiola | Rivera Juan A

Journal: Salud Pública de México
ISSN 0036-3634

Volume: 45;
Issue: suppl.4;
Start page: 490;
Date: 2003;
Original page

Keywords: National Nutrition Survey | anemia | iron deficiency | infant | child | preschool | child | Mexico

ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology and analyze factors associated with iron deficiency anemia in a probabilistic sample of the Encuesta Nacional de Nutrición 1999 (ENN-99) [National Nutritional Survey 1999 (NNS-99)]. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample included 8 111 children aged 1 to 12 years, and was nationaly representative by rural and urban strata and by four geographical regions. Capillary hemoglobin was measured using a portable photometer (HemoCue). The analysis of the determining factors of anemia was performed by odds ratios derived from a logistic regression model and multiple regression models. RESULTS: The prevalence of anemia was 50% in infants
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