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Prevalence of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in HIV Infected Patients in a Tertiary Hospital in Lagos, Nigeria

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Author(s): Akinsegun Akinbami | Ibidun Bode-Shojobi | Sarah Ajibola | Olajumoke Oshinaike | Adewumi Adediran | Olaitan Ojelabi | Kamal Ismail | Bodunrin Osikomaiya

Journal: World Journal of AIDS
ISSN 2160-8814

Volume: 03;
Issue: 02;
Start page: 105;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Prevalence | Screening | Asymptomatic Bacteriuria | HIV-Infected Patients

ABSTRACT
Background: People living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) are more predisposed to urinary tract infections due to suppression of their immunity by the virus. Asymptomatic bacteriuria is associated with an increased risk of symptomatic urinary tract infection and the latter being an important contributor to development of chronic renal failure, hypertension and toxaemia of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria in HIV-infected patients and proffer a recommendation on the need or otherwise to screen. Methods: This was a cross sectional study of treatment-naive HIV-infected patients attending the HIV clinics of Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH), Ikeja. A single voided aseptically collected mid-stream urine (MSU) was obtained from each patient and all samples processed immediately, were sent for urinalysis and culture. Isolates were considered significant if there were ≥105 colony forming unit/mL (CFU/mL) with 2 or less isolates, doubtful significance if
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