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Prevalence of brucella abortus antibodies in bovine serum from gusau modern abattoir, Zamfara state, Nigeria

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Author(s): N. Lawal | G.O. Egwu | F.M. Tambuwal | A.U. Junaidu | M.B. Abubakar | A.A. Magaji | M.A. Rabi’u | M.A. Saulawa | A. Mamuda | M.S. Jibrin | A. Bala | Z.A. Tambuwal

Journal: Scientific Journal of Microbiology
ISSN 2322-2948

Volume: 1;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 91;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Abattoir | Brucella abortus | Antibodies | Serum | Elisa | White Fulani | Arzuwaq | Sokoto Gudali | Cross Breed | Gusau | Zamfara | Nigeria

ABSTRACT
A study for bovine brucellosis was conducted using serology to determine the status of the disease in slaughtered cattle. Three hundred and twenty (320) sera were collected from Gusau Modern Abattoir, Zamfara State. The sera were tested using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay obtained from Veterinary Laboratory Agencies, Weybridge, UK. An overall prevalence of 20% (64 positive) was obtained with sex prevalence for males and females being 10.62% (34 positive) and 9.37% (30 positive) respectively out of 180 males and 140 females tested without significant association (P < 0.05). On age distribution, higher prevalence of 11.87% was recorded in age group > 24 months while; lower prevalence of 3.13% was recorded in age group < 12 months. There was no significant association statistically between age and occurrence of antibodies. White Fulani breed had the highest prevalence of 8.75%. There was significant association statistically (p < 0.05) between breed and infection.
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