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Prevalence of osteoporosis-osteopenia at lumbar spine and femur in an urban female population. An epidemiological study in the Athens Metropolitan area, Greece

Author(s): Ioannis Legakis | Vasilis Papadopoulos | Vasilis Tataridas | Kyriakos Strigaris

Journal: Endocrinology Studies
ISSN 2038-9515

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: e1;
Date: 2012;
Original page

The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia in a female urban population. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry measurements were done at the lumbar spine (6920 females) and at the femur (3222 females) Bone mineral density (BMD) and corresponding T-scores were analysed using multivariate regression models. In females, the prevalence rate of osteoporosis was 15.3% at the lumbar spine and of osteopenia 36.5%. In females osteoporosis rate at the femur was 17.7% for the neck, 30.65% for the ward’s triangle and 1.86% for the tronchater, whereas the osteopenic rates were 53.3%, 44.7% and 32.09% respectively. A polynominal cubic model performed for age showed the steepest decline at the age of 55 years for the spine BMD (-0.973% change, 95% CI -1.031/-0.915) and at the age of 64 years for the femur BMD (-0.726% change, 95% CI - 0.793/-0.658). Actually sensitive interventions for prevention of osteoporosis in urban population need serious concern.
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