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Prioridade e substância na metafísica de Aristóteles

Author(s): Lucas Angioni

Journal: DoisPontos
ISSN 1807-3883

Volume: 7;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 76;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Ontology | substance | essentialism | priority | causality | definition

My aim in this paper is to examine Aristotle’s notions of priority in order to determine which sort of priority he ascribes to substances. I try to show that we cannot accept the traditional idea that a substance’s priority must be understood as existential independence. Aristotle rather ascribes to substances a priority in terms of completion, as he ascribes to substances-of-something some specific sort of causal-explanatory priority. Besides that, Aristotle argues, against Platonism, that these two sorts of priority (completion priority and causal-explanatory priority) must be kept apart from each other in any successful ontology.

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