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Problemas de control social en un Territorio Nacional argentino frente a las oscilaciones demográficas de los años treinta. La mirada de los dirigentes locales

Author(s): Oscar Ernesto Mari

Journal: Historia 2.0 : Conocimiento Histórico en Clave Digital
ISSN 2027-9035

Volume: 3;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 104;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Territory National | Chaco | cotton | social issue

Among the twenties and thirties of the twentieth century, the Chaco, which was one of the Argentine National Territories, had one of the most remarkable socio-economic processes in the country following the success of primary cultivation and industrialization of cotton. The rapid growth driven by very profitable activities related to the various stages of this operation, attracting motivated strong internal and external immigration contingent who arrived in this jurisdiction for plaintiff’s benefit labor market. Within these quotas multiple heterogeneous sources, were the thousands of temporary workers admitted annually to the Territory to participate in the manual harvest tillage and textiles. These newspapers and abrupt oscillations caused massive demographic income and consequently the overflow of local administrative structure, which, not being adapted in a timely manner, could not effectively meet the needs of a growing population. Some socio-economic consequences of this phenomenon, particularly concerning the issue of social control, will be discussed in this article. Issues such as the living and working conditions of these foreign groups, his original and acquired habits in this medium, the derivations of their customs and way of life in health and safety scheme in the Territory, and the answers given by the leadership Local, will be addressed using primary sources, the testimonies left by officials, players, and qualified graphic media of the time.

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