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Protein quality evaluation of two rice- and milk-based weaning foods

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Author(s): Zatolah Asemi | Ashraf Khorrami | Mohsen Taghizade | Zahra Abedini | Zohreh Azarbad | Ali akbar Rashidi

Journal: Electronic Physician
ISSN 2008-5842

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 454;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Protein quality | Biological evaluation | Weaning food

ABSTRACT
Background: Protein-energy malnutrition is regarded as a public health problem in developing countries as a resultof poor feeding practices due to poverty. This study, therefore, is aimed at protein evaluation of two samples(Cerelac based on rice with milk and Ghoncheh based on rice with milk) of commercial weaning food.Methods: Biological evaluation of the formulas was conducted in 21-day-old weaning Wistar rats, compared to acontrol diet of casein. The nutrient quality of the weaning foods was monitored by measuring Protein EfficiencyRatio (PER), Net Protein Ratio (NPR), Relative Net Protein Ratio (RNPR), True Protein Digestibility (TPD),Apparent Digestibility (AD), and Food Efficiency Ratio (FER).Results: The content of TPD for Casein, Cerelac, and Ghoncheh was 93.77, 93.71, and 78.23, respectively, and theresults among groups was significant (P
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