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Psychosocial assistance project decreases posttraumatic stress disorder and depression amongst primary and secondary schools students in post-war Bosnia-Herzegovina

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Author(s): Mevludin Hasanović | Sehaveta Srabović | Munevera Rašidović | Mirela Šehović | Emir Hasanbašić | Jasminka Husanović | Renata Hodžić

Journal: Acta Medica Academica
ISSN 1840-1848

Volume: 40;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 122;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: PTSD | Depression | School Students | Psychosocial assistance | Bosnia-Herzegovina

ABSTRACT
Objective. To assess whether psychosocial support of the School Project of the Humanitarian Society (HS) “Prijateljice (Girlfriends)” had a positive effect on reducing posttraumatic consequences in Bosnia-Herzegovina primary and secondary school students, aft er the 1992-1995 war. Subjects and Methods. A stratified sample of 336 students, aged 13.5±1.6 (10 to 18) years, in primary and secondary schools, involved in psychosocial support, were compared with 72 randomly selected peers from the same schools, not involved in this project. Data were collected in December 2005 and in May 2006. Th e Children’s Depression Inventory and the Child Post-Traumatic Stress Reaction Index were utilized. Statistical analysis involved McNemar’s test, Students’ t-test, Chi-square test and Pearson’s correlation test. Results. According to DSM, the prevalence of PTSD and depression among students involved in the School Project, significantly decreased from 46.1% to 13.4% and 25.6% to 1.8%, respectively (McNemar’s test,P
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