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Qualitative research in health humanization through action research

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Author(s): Gisele Coscrato | Sonia Maria Vilela Bueno

Journal: Saúde & Transformação Social
ISSN 2178-7085

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 120;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Nursing | Qualitative Research | Single Health System

ABSTRACT
Increasingly it is noted that action research needs to be explored in order to propagate the principles, purposes and the increased use of this methodology, in order to take this knowledge to academia, in a way that shows its results and proposes further discussions and studies leading to the deepening and enrichment of this area of research. In health area, this research method would bring numerous benefits, since health education has intrinsic realities and paradigms that need to be transformed, both in health and in education. One of the many characters immersed in the interface Education and Health, which requires practices based in the promotion of health at many levels of care, would be the nursing professional. The aim of this study was to demonstrate and critically analyze the use of action methodology in qualitative research, which among other topics investigated on humanization in daily work of nurses. The was a qualitative study, based on the theoretical framework of Paulo Freire, and used the methodology of action research, having as participants nurses who work in public health of a municipal district in the interior of São Paulo State. The techniques used were participant observation and interviews (questionnaires). After categorization of data on an issue, the following meanings on humanizing attributes were found to have been assigned by nurses: reception, dialogue, integral vision of the human being, good care and good interpersonal relationships, attention to the context and way of life of users, humanization as public policy and quotidian situation of the services, and the right to health. The reality was considered in which the participating nurses were,and so it stands out that action research guided by the assumptions of Freire contributed in a definite way to the study proposal.
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