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Quantitative Mass spectrometric Analysis of Ropivacaine and Bupivacaine in Authentic, Pharmaceutical and Spiked Human Plasma without Chromatographic Separation

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Author(s): Nahla N. Salama | Shudong Wang

Journal: Analytical Chemistry Insights
ISSN 1177-3901

Volume: 4;
Start page: 11;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: ropivacaine | bupivacaine | 2 | 6-dimethylaniline | time of flight mass spectrometry | pharmaceutical formulations | spiked plasma

ABSTRACT
The present study employs time of flight mass spectrometry for quantitative analysis of the local anesthetic drugs ropivacaine and bupivacaine in authentic, pharmaceutical and spiked human plasma as well as in the presence of their impurities 2,6-dimethylaniline and alkaline degradation product. The method is based on time of flight electron spray ionization mass spectrometry technique without preliminary chromatographic separation and makes use of bupivacaine as internal standard for ropivacaine, which is used as internal standard for bupivacaine. A linear relationship between drug concentrations and the peak intensity ratio of ions of the analyzed substances is established. The method is linear from 23.8 to 2380.0 ng mL-1 for both drugs. The correlation coefficient was ≥0.996 in authentic and spiked human plasma. The average percentage recoveries in the ranges of 95.39%–102.75% was obtained. The method is accurate (% RE < 5%) and reproducible with intra- and inter-assay precision (RSD% < 8.0%). The quantification limit is 23.8 ng mL-1 for both drugs. The method is not only highly sensitive and selective, but also simple and effective for determination or identification of both drugs in authentic and biological fluids. The method can be applied in purity testing, quality control and stability monitoring for the studied drugs.
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