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Realities and Prospects of Regulating Human Trafficking for Labour Exploitation and Forced Labour in Republic of Moldova

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Author(s): Diana Ionita | Anatolie Donciu

Journal: Acta Universitatis Danubius : Relationes Internationales
ISSN 2065-0272

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 57;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: labour | trafficking in human beings | exploitation | abuse | prohibiti

ABSTRACT
The analytical survey on research and trial of cases on human trafficking and those related to trafficking (for the period 2006-2009) has ascertained that in 29% of all the cases on child trafficking (Article 206, Penal Code), children were subjected to labour exploitation or forced labour, and in 32% of all the cases on human trafficking, people were subjected to labour exploitation or forced labour. Notwithstanding this, of all the criminal cases on child trafficking submitted to court, prosecutors demanded that the actions of the perpetrators should be reclassified under Article 168 of the Penal Code in 6.5% of cases, whereas in 13% the court reclassified the actions after it examined the substance of the case. If we refer to the same indexes but in the context of human trafficking, prosecutors reclassified 4% of cases under Article 168 of the Penal Code, whereas courts reclassified the actions of the perpetrators based on other components of crime, including forced labour, in 30% of cases.
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