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Reflections on Environmental Responsibility – with an Emphasis on the Nord Stream Pipeline in the Baltic Sea Area

Author(s): Seita Romppanen

Journal: Nordisk Miljörättslig Tidskrift
ISSN 2000-4273

Volume: 2010;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 23;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: environmental responsibility | environmental liability | marine environmental damage | Nord Stream pipeline | Baltic Sea

The article examines environmental responsibility andliability and discusses the issue of environmentaldamage in the context of the Nord Stream gas pipelinecase on the Baltic Sea. More specifically, the goal is toanalyze who would be held liable for the damage, howthis liability would be established, and what would bethe criteria to be applied to this particular case.To answer these questions, the article first laysdown the general applicable legal framework. Secondly,the article systemizes and analyzes the relevantresponsibility and liability instruments. The relevantinstruments for the theme are the UNCLOS, certaincivil liability instruments together with the ILC workon state responsibility and liability. The relevantinstruments are analyzed from the point of view oftheir usefulness and relevance in regard to theresearch questions set for the article.
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