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The relationship between attentional blink and psychometric intelligence: A fixed-links model approach

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Author(s): STEFAN J. TROCHE | KARL SCHWEIZER | THOMAS H. RAMMSAYER

Journal: Psychology Science Quarterly
ISSN 1866-6140

Volume: 51;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 432;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: attentional blink | intelligence | fixed-links models

ABSTRACT
Attentional blink (AB) denotes the impairment in identifying a target when this target follows a preceding target after about 150 to 500 msec. Several models explain AB and some studies suggest that more processes than only one are involved in AB. Therefore, confounding effects of these underlying processes might be the reason why previous studies could not observe a relationship between AB and psychometric intelligence. In the present study, fixed-links models were used to disentangle the processes underlying the performance of 66 female and 52 male volunteers on an AB task. In accordance with theoretical explanations of AB, three latent variables with loadings describing a linearly increasing, a linearly decreasing and a u-shaped trend described the data well. Psychometric intelligence was related to the latent variables reflected by the u-shaped (β = .30; p < .05) and the linearly increasing trends (β = .23; p < .05) but not to the latent variable reflected by the linearly decreasing trend (β = .10; n.s.). These results support the assumptions that more processes than only one are involved in AB. Decomposition of the underlying processes seems to be promising to investigate intelligence-related individual differences on this early level of information processing.
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