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The relationship between stress and personality factors

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Author(s): Voichita M. Dumitru | Doina Cozman

Journal: Human & Veterinary Medicine
ISSN 2066-7655

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 34;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: stress | symptoms | personality factors

ABSTRACT
Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the stress level in a group of nurses and to correlate the stress level andits subsequent symptoms with personality factors. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 34 psychiatric nurses, 68% of thembeing female. The average age of the male subjects was 32.25 years with a standard deviation of 6.21 years, while the average age of the femalesubjects was 35.18 years, with a standard deviation of 8.03 years. The analysis focused on the stress level, stress symptoms, age, durationof employment and personality factors. Results: The findings showed that female staff members were more affected by stress as they growolder and have spent a longer time on the job, while male staff members were subjected to higher stress levels at the beginning of their activity.Correlations between personality factors and stress both in concerns of perceived stress and the level of subsequent stress symptomatologywere identified. High stress levels were identified in people with low social presence (r=-0.417, p=0.01) and low empathy (r=-0.393, p=0.02).A higher intensity of psychological symptoms following stress was also associated with low social presence (r =-0.379, p=0.03), low empathy(r=-0.465, p
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