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Retroperitoneal hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy and partial nephrectomy

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Author(s): Nosratollah Nezakatzgoo | Janet Colli | Matthew Mutter | Sheg Aranmolate | Robert Wake

Journal: Surgical Techniques Development
ISSN 2038-9574

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: e3;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: laparoscopic | nephrectomy | surgical procedure

ABSTRACT
The purpose of the present paper is to describe our technique and experience with retroperitoneal hand-assisted laparoscopic (HAL) nephrectomies as an alternative to the transperitoneal approach. Eight retroperitoneal HAL nephrectomies and one partial nephrectomy were performed. Several excisional techniques were employed incorporating the Harmonic scalpel or Ligasure device. Hemostatic agents were used to cover the renal defect. Surgical bolsters were sutured to the renal capsule with pleget reinforcements to aid in hemostasis. The average operative time was 210 min and estimated blood loss 110 mL. Mean change in hematocrit was 3 units and creatinine was 1 point. No patient required a transfusion. There were no major complications, with a mean follow-up of fourteen months. On average, patients resumed oral intake in 2 days, and were discharged in 3 days. Pathological examination revealed that two lesions were benign and seven malignant. Tumor diameter averaged 3 cm. There were no positive surgical margins. In conclusion, we have demonstrated the feasibility of retroperitoneal laparoscopic hand-assisted nephrectomy and partial nephrectomy surgery for solid renal masses.

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