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Retrospective analysis of reproductive disease conditions among domestic ruminants in Sokoto, Nigeria

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Author(s): M.A. Umaru | A.A. Adeyeye | H.S. Garba | A. Bello | A. Abubakar

Journal: Scientific Journal of Zoology
ISSN 2322-293X

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 15;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Livestock reproduction | Sheep | Goat | Cattle | Dystocia | Pregnancy toxaemia | Mastitis

ABSTRACT
A fifteen-year (1991 — 2005) study of reproductive cases in animals presented to the Usmanu Danfodiyo University Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, were analyzed based on species, disease condition and sex using clinical case Files of Sheep, goat and cattle. Within the study period a total of 88 reproductive cases were handled out of which 53 (57.95 %) occurred in sheep, 32(36.36 %) goat and 5(5.68 %) cattle. Dystocia 23(26.13 %), Pregnancy toxaemia 11(12.50 %), mastitis 9(10.23 %), castration 5(5.68 %) and orchitis 3(3.41 %) were the diseases recorded. Reproductive cases were higher in females 77(87.5 %) than in mates 11(12.5 %). From the study, reproductive cases were most prevalent in sheep than in goats and cattle.
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