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RNA-Editing with Combined Insertion and Deletion Preserves Regularity

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Author(s): E.P. de Vink | H. Zantema | D. Bosnacki

Journal: Scientific Annals of Computer Science
ISSN 1843-8121

Volume: 23;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 39;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: RNA editing | string rewriting | guided insertion/deletion | guided rewriting | regular languages

ABSTRACT
We consider two elementary forms of string rewriting called guided insertion/deletion and guided rewriting. The original strings are modified depending on the match with a given set of auxiliary strings, called guides. Guided insertion/deletion considers matching of a string and a guide with respect to a specific correspondence of strings. Guided rewriting considers matching of a string and a guide with respect to an equivalence relation on the alphabet. Guided insertion/deletion is inspired by {RNA}-editing, a biological process by which the original genetic information stored in DNA is modified before its final expression. The formalism here allows for simultaneous insertion and deletion of string elements. Guided rewriting, based on a letter-to-letter relation, is technically more appealing than guided insertion/deletion. We prove that guided rewriting preserves regularity: for every regular language its closure under guided rewriting is regular too. In the proof we will rely on the auxiliary notion of a slice sequence. We establish a correspondence of slice sequences and guide rewrite sequences. Because of their left-to-right nature, slice sequences are more convenient to deal with than guided rewrite sequences in the construction of the finite automata that we encounter in the proofs of regularity. Based on the result for guided rewriting we establish that guided insertion/deletion preserves regularity as well.

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