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The Role of Physical Agents in Treatment of Osteoporosis

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Author(s): Erieta Nikolikj-Dimitrova

Journal: Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
ISSN 1857-5749

Volume: 6;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 189;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: osteoporosis | physical agents | pulsed electromagnetic field | ultraviolet rays.

ABSTRACT
Osteoporosis is a chronic, progressive disease, which represents a multifactorial condition. Treatment of patients with osteoporosis has several aspects that require a team approach. It consists of application of appropriate drug therapy, education, diet, exercises and physical therapy.Aim of the study is to present physical agents applicable in the prevention and treatment of people suffering from osteoporosis.Physical agencies that can be applied in prophylaxis of osteoporosis are heliotherapy and ultraviolet radiation. For osteoporosis treatment ultraviolet rays, a low-frequency impulse magnetic field, middle-frequency interferential currents could be applied. For reducing pain transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, ultrasound, horizontal therapy, diadynamic currents can be used.Conclusion: To complement pharmacological therapy and exercises applied in the complex treatment of patients with osteoporosis, specific physical agents should also take their place and contribute in reducing subjective symptoms, improving clinical findings and the quality of life. However, further clinical studies are required to achieve a better record on their application.
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