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Romania and the Orthodox Church under the Communist Regime

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Author(s): Gheorghe Florin Hostiuc

Journal: Acta Universitatis Danubius : Relationes Internationales
ISSN 2065-0272

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 129;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Communism | Orthodox Church | government | arme d insurrection | democrac

ABSTRACT
Communism is an ideology opposing religion and Christianity through all its components. The conflict among them breaks through at all levels, from the level of thought to that of practical applicability. Communism in postwar Romania was installed not due to any mass sympathy but due to the involvement of the USSR and to some favourable political contexts made available to the Soviet leaders by the Western states from the anti-Hitler front. The elections in 1947 were a great farce which unfortunately received the approval of the great European powers. Romania was left voluntarily to the disposal of the USSR which imposed its own ruling model. The consequences at a political, social and military-strategic level have been so difficult to measure. For almost half a century most of Eastern Europe was dominated by communism. At a religious level, Christianity was oppressed under various forms and has subsisted due to some personalities who succeeded in applying a survival policy.

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