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Seabirds in the Bay of Bengal large marine ecosystem: Current knowledge and research objectives

Author(s): Ravichandra Mondreti | Priya Davidar | Clara Péron | David Grémillet

Journal: Open Journal of Ecology
ISSN 2162-1985

Volume: 03;
Issue: 02;
Start page: 172;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Biomass | Climate Change | Ecological Indicators | Marine Pollution | Primary Productivity | Pelagic | Trophic Level

Seabirds are good candidates as ecological indicators, especially in under-studied ecosystems since they provide insights into marine ecosystem processes and functions at various trophic levels. Our review discusses salient points on the present status of seabirds in the Bay of Bengal Large Marine Ecosystem; despite overall low seabird numbers and biomass, this region harbors 9 species of terns, one of the most threatened bird group worldwide, which are known to breed in various marine habitats of Andaman and Nicobar islands, in addition to the coastal areas of mainland. Further, we elaborate on employing seabirds as potential indicators of this ecosystem and how they outscore other taxa in this aspect. Finally, we argue that it is essentially to fill the gaps in our knowledge about the BOBLME, mainly about the interplay between seabirds, climate change and fisheries.
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