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Seasonal variation of microsporidiosis among HIV-infected persons in Benin City, Nigeria.

Author(s): F.O. Akinbo | C. E. Okaka | R. Omoregie | O.Igbinuwen | C. Egbe

Journal: Bioscience Research
ISSN 1811-9506

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 26;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Benin City | HIV | microsporidiosis | Seasonal variation

The prevalence of microsporidiosis in relation to seasonal variations is unknown. This study is aimed at determining the correlation between seasonal variation and the prevalence of microsporidiosis in HIV-infected persons in Benin City, Nigeria. A total of 763 persons consisting of 463 HIV-infected patients attending HIV clinics and 300 apparently healthy HIV non-infected persons were recruited in this study. Stool specimens were collected from each patient and processed using standard procedure. The prevalence of microsporidiosis was significantly associated with season. More episodes of intestinal parasitic infections were observed in the rainy season than the dry season (OR = 1.990; 95% CI = 1.374, 2.882; p = 0.0004). This study underscores the association between microsporidiosis and seasonal variations with higher prevalence during the rainy season.

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