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A Serological and Molecular study on Toxoplasma gondii infection in sheep and goat in Tabriz

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Author(s): Moazeni Jula, F. | Moazeni Jula, G. | Nowzari, N. | Kavari, H. | Hashemzadeh Farhang, H.

Journal: Archives of Razi Institute
ISSN 0365-3439

Volume: 68;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 29;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Toxoplasma gondii | ELISA | PCR | sheep | goat | Iran.

ABSTRACT
Toxoplasmosis is an important zoonotic diseases in human and animals. The disease caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii. To determine the infection rate of toxoplasmosis in sheep and goats in east Azarbaijan province of Iran a total of 186 sera, 13 fetal brains, 13 cotyledons and 34 whole blood samples were collected from sheep and goats in Tabriz abattoir during the year 2010. Serum samples were tested for IgG antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii by Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). This test is used in conjunction with direct and nested PCR techniques for detection of T. gondii DNA in blood,cotyledon and brain of fetuses, using 4 pairs of universal and specific primers, 18SrRNA, ITS-1, (Tg1,Tg2)and (Tg3,Tg4). Antibodies against T. gondii were found in 18.3% serum samples. DNA of T. gondii was detected in 69% of fetal brains, 23% of cotyledons and 14.7% of blood samples. The prevalence rate of T. gondii in sheep was 24.8% and in goats was 10.6% and the significant difference was observed between sheep and goats groups (p≤0.05). The prevalence of toxoplasmosis antibodies was significantly higher in adult sheep and goats than younger animals. There was significant difference between male (10.5%) andfemale (19.2%) sheep and goat was observed (p≤0.05). Detection of T. gondii DNA using PCR minimizes the problems which the researcher may face when using serological methods and facilitates diagnosis incomplex cases. The presence of T. gondii in blood, fetal tissues and neonatal specimens strongly suggests active and or congenital infection.
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