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Shoreline-change Rates of the Barrier Islands in Nakdong River Estuary Using Aerial Photography and SPOT-5 Image

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Author(s): Sang-Hun Jeong | Boo-Keun Khim | Beack-Oon Kim | Sang-Ryong Lee

Journal: Ocean and Polar Research
ISSN 1598-141X

Volume: 35;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: shoreline change | aerial photograph | satellite image | Nakdong River estuary | barrier islands

ABSTRACT
Shoreline data of the barrier islands in Nakdong River Estuary for the last three decades wereassembled using six sets of aerial photographs and seven sets of satellite images. Canny Algorithm wasapplied to untreated data in order to obtain a wet-dry boundary as a proxy shoreline. Digital ShorelineAnalysis System (DSAS 4.0) was used to estimate the rate of shoreline changes in terms of five statisticalvariables; SCE (Shoreline Change Envelope), NSM (Net Shoreline Movement), EPR(End Point Rate), LRR(Linear Regression Rate), and LMS (Least Median of Squares). The shoreline in Jinwoodo varieddifferently from one place to another during the last three decades; the west tail has advanced (i.e., seawardor southward), the west part has regressed, the south part has advanced, and the east part has regressed.After the 2000s, the rate of shoreline changes (−2.5~6.7 m/yr) increased and the east advanced. Theshoreline in Shinjado shows a counterclockwise movement; the west part has advanced, but the east part hasretreated. Since Shinjado was built in its present form, the west part became stable, but the east part hasregressed faster. The rate of shoreline changes (−16.0~12.0 m/yr) in Shinjado is greater than that ofJinwoodo. The shoreline in Doyodeung has advanced at a rate of 31.5 m/yr. Since Doyodeung was built inits present form, the south part has regressed at the rate of −18.2 m/yr, but the east and west parts haveadvanced at the rate of 13.5~14.3 m/yr. Based on Digital Shoreline Analysis, shoreline changes in thebarrier islands in the Nakdong River Estuary have varied both temporally and spatially, although the exactreason for the shoreline changes requires more investigation.

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