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SINGLE MOTHERS BY CHOICE: FROM “CHEATING” TO SOLIDARITY.

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Author(s): María Isabel Jociles | Ana María Rivas | Beatriz Moncó | Fernando Villaamil

Journal: AIBR : Revista de Antropología Iberoamericana
ISSN 1695-9752

Volume: 5;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 256;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Single motherhood | single mothers by choice (SMC) | international adoption | assisted

ABSTRACT
This article analyzes the discourses on the motivations that Single Mothers by Choice (SMC)use to choose among the possible ways to get parenthood. These discourses, produced in qualitative interviews as well as in other contexts of interaction (Internet forums, kedadas orinformal get-togethers, female gatherings, etc...), have been subjected to observation in the context of an ethnographic research conducted in Madrid, Spain, during 2008-2009. The results show, first, that SMC display a variety of notions about motherhood and mother-child bond, which are the basis for, again, the variety of ‘motivations’ they assess to justify the option they finally choose. Second, their decision making process is mediated by a sociomoral hierarchy of values that arranges the different ways to get single parenthood. In this hierarchy, the lowest position is occupied by the categories of “cheating” and “known donor”, while the highest is allotted to international adoption. As a conclusion, it is stressed that the statements of value by which the hierarchy is based explain the continuous presence of the “motivation of solidarity”, in spite of its continuous delegitimation by expert knowledge.

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