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Social insurance medicine in Romania

Author(s): Oancea C | Tudorache LD | Ciuvica MM

Journal: Pratiques et Organisation des Soins
ISSN 1952-9201

Volume: 41;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 359;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Social security | insurance | insurance benefits | insurance | disability | work | work capacity evaluation | rehabilitation | vocational | compensation and redress | workers’ compensation Romania.

The aim of this article is to present the organization and functioning of social insurance medicine in Romania. First, we describe the health care system in Romania. Then, we explain the structure of social security network and the role individual components play in this system. We conclude with a discussion on some aspects related to its development in European Community. Since 1951, social insurance medicine, called work capacity medical assessment, is an independent medical specialty. The training is provided by the Chair of Medical Assessment and Work Capacity Rehabilitation atthe Faculty of Medicine of Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Bucharest.The network of social insurance medicine includes the National Institute of Medical Assessment and Work Capacity Rehabilitation and county medical services of social security. County medical services of social security apply the law regulations relating to the public system of social insurance.The National Institute of Medical Assessment and Work Capacity Rehabilitation (INEMRCM – Romanian abbreviation) manages and controls the activity of all medical services. INEMRCM is a public institutionunder the authority of the National House of Pensions and Other Social Insurance Rights.The social insurance physician mission is to make a global assessment of one’s functional capacity and to determine the degree of disability that may entitle the person to obtain a disability pension or other types of social insurance benefits. He must also promote measures to achieve social reintegration of insured people. Prat Organ Soins. 2010;41(4):359-366
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