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SoFi, an Igor based interface for the efficient use of the generalized multilinear engine (ME-2) for source apportionment: application to aerosol mass spectrometer data

Author(s): F. Canonaco | M. Crippa | J. G. Slowik | U. Baltensperger | A. S. H. Prévôt

Journal: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions
ISSN 1867-8610

Volume: 6;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 6409;
Date: 2013;
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Source apportionment using the bilinear model through the multilinear engine (ME-2) was successfully applied to non-refractory organic aerosol (OA) mass spectra collected during winter 2011 and 2012 in Zurich, Switzerland using the aerosol chemical speciation monitor ACSM. Five factors were identified: low-volatility oxygenated OA (LV-OOA), semivolatile oxygenated OA (SV-OOA), hydrocarbon-like OA (HOA), cooking OA (COA) and biomass burning OA (BBOA). A graphical user interface SoFi (Source Finder) was developed at PSI in order to facilitate the testing of different rotational techniques available within the ME-2 engine by providing a priori factor profiles for some or all of the expected factors. ME-2 was used to test the positive matrix factorization (PMF) model, the fully constrained chemical mass balance (CMB) model, and partially constrained models utilizing a values and pulling equations. Within the set of model solutions determined to be environmentally reasonable, BBOA and SV-OOA factor mass spectra and time series showed the greatest variability. This variability represents uncertainty in the model solution and indicates that analysis of model rotations provides a useful approach for assessing the uncertainty of bilinear source apportionment models.
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