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Solution structure of the Drosha double-stranded RNA-binding domain

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Author(s): Mueller Geoffrey A | Miller Matthew T | DeRose Eugene F | Ghosh Mahua | London Robert E | Hall Traci

Journal: Silence
ISSN 1758-907X

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 2;
Date: 2010;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Drosha is a nuclear RNase III enzyme that initiates processing of regulatory microRNA. Together with partner protein DiGeorge syndrome critical region 8 (DGCR8), it forms the Microprocessor complex, which cleaves precursor transcripts called primary microRNA to produce hairpin precursor microRNA. In addition to two RNase III catalytic domains, Drosha contains a C-terminal double-stranded RNA-binding domain (dsRBD). To gain insight into the function of this domain, we determined the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) solution structure. Results We report here the solution structure of the dsRBD from Drosha (Drosha-dsRBD). The αβββα fold is similar to other dsRBD structures. A unique extended loop distinguishes this domain from other dsRBDs of known structure. Conclusions Despite uncertainties about RNA-binding properties of the Drosha-dsRBD, its structure suggests it retains RNA-binding features. We propose that this domain may contribute to substrate recognition in the Drosha-DGCR8 Microprocessor complex.
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