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Spatial and temporal point tracking in real hyperspectral images

Author(s): Aminov Benjamin | Nichtern Ofir | Rotman Stanley

Journal: EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing
ISSN 1687-6172

Volume: 2011;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 30;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Hyperspectral | Track before detect | Dynamic programming algorithm | Infrared tracking | Variance filter

Abstract In this article, we consider the problem of tracking a point target moving against a background of sky and clouds. The proposed solution consists of three stages: the first stage transforms the hyperspectral cubes into a two-dimensional (2D) temporal sequence using known point target detection acquisition methods; the second stage involves the temporal separation of the 2D sequence into sub-sequences and the usage of a variance filter (VF) to detect the presence of targets using the temporal profile of each pixel in its group, while suppressing clutter-specific influences. This stage creates a new sequence containing a target with a seemingly faster velocity; the third stage applies the Dynamic Programming Algorithm (DPA) that tracks moving targets with low SNR at around pixel velocity. The system is tested on both synthetic and real data.
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