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Spectrometric monitoring of atmospheric carbon tetrafluoride (CF4) above the Jungfraujoch station since 1989: evidence of continued increase but at a slowing rate

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Author(s): E. Mahieu | R. Zander | G. C. Toon | M. K. Vollmer | S. Reimann | J. Mühle | W. Bader | B. Bovy | B. Lejeune | C. Servais | P. Demoulin | G. Roland | P. F. Bernath | C. D. Boone | K. A. Walker | P. Duchatelet

Journal: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions
ISSN 1867-8610

Volume: 6;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 7535;
Date: 2013;
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ABSTRACT
The long-term evolution of the vertical column abundance of carbon tetrafluoride (CF4) above the high altitude Jungfraujoch station (Swiss Alps, 46.5 °N, 8.0 °E, 3580 m a.s.l.) has been derived from the spectrometric analysis of Fourier transform infrared solar spectra recorded at that site between 1989 and 2012. The investigation is based on a multi-microwindow approach, two encompassing pairs of absorption lines belonging to the strong ν3 band of CF4 centered at 1283 cm−1, and two additional ones to optimally account for weak but overlapping HNO3 interferences. The analysis reveals a steady accumulation of the very long-lived CF4 above the Jungfraujoch at mean rates of (1.38 ± 0.11) × 1013 molec cm−2 yr−1 from 1989 to 1997, and (0.97 ± 0.02) × 1013 molec cm−2 yr−1 from 1998 to 2012, which correspond to linear growth rates of 1.71 ± 0.14 and 1.04 ± 0.02% yr−1, respectively referenced to 1989 and 1998. Related global CF4 emissions required to sustain these mean increases correspond to 15.8 ± 1.3 and 11.1 ± 0.2 Gg yr−1 over the above specified time intervals. Findings reported here are compared and discussed with respect to relevant results obtained remotely from space and balloons as well as in situ on the ground, including new gas chromatography mass spectrometry measurements performed at the Jungfraujoch since 2010.
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