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Stress-related Psychological Disorders Among Surgical Care Nurses in Latvia

Author(s): Kristaps Circenis | Kristaps Circenis | Liana Deklava

Journal: International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health
ISSN 1840-4529

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 237;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Surgical care nurse | operating room nurse | burnout | anxiety | depression | compassion fatigue

Background: The subject of stress related psychological disorders is considered to be one of the mostcritical problems in the 21st century. Latvia’s social-economic situation is stressful and a lot of nurses stillneed to work more than one shift. There are no complete studies about surgical care nurses and operatingroom nurses burnout, depression, anxiety and compassion fatigue situation in Latvia.Aim and Objectives: Research aim was to find out burnout, depression, compassion fatigue and anxietypresence among surgical care and operating room nurses practicing in Latvia.Methods/Study Design: The research instruments were State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), MaslachBurnout Inventory (MBI), Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQOL R-V) and Beck DepressionInventory (BDI). Maslach Burnout Inventory helped to assess of three burnout components: emotionalexhaustion, depersonalization and rank of personal success for surgical care nurses and operating roomnurses.Results/Findings: The participants of the study were 118 surgical care nurses and operating room nursesfrom several hospitals in Latvia. All participants were women, age range - from 26 till 56 years, withwork experience in surgical ward or operating room. The averages for Beck Depression Inventory was11,96 (±8,93), averages for Professional Quality of Life Scale Compassion Satisfaction subscale was38,83 (±6,60), for Burnout subscale was 23,40 (±6,75), for Secondary Traumatic Stress subscale was19,86 (±6,57) averages for State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for state anxiety subscale was 48,39 (±10,61),and for trait subscale was 45,81 (±9,35). Averages for Maslach Burnot Inventory by subscales were forEmotional Exhaustion subscale - 23,49 (±10,82), for Depersonalization subscale was 6,65 (±5,36) and forrank of personal success subscale - 36,73 (±6,97).Study limitations: This study has such limitations as relatively small number of participants and use ofsome tools not standardized in Latvia.Conclusion: Results of the research indicate burnout presence among surgical care nurses and operatingroom nurses, as well as indicate levels of anxiety, compassion fatigue and depression.
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