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SWEDEN AND TURKEY: TWO MODELS OF WELFARE STATE IN EUROPE

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Author(s): Simona Moagar Poladian | Andreea - Emanuela Dragoi

Journal: Global Economic Observer
ISSN 2343-9742

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 72;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: welfare state | model of economic development | comparative advantage | international economic crisis

ABSTRACT
Our paper analyzes two models of economic development: Sweden and Turkey. The main objective of this analysis is to highlight in which way two countries with different development strategies, economic geography, mentality and culture have managed to maintain growth before and during the global economic crisis, becoming gradually genuine models of welfare state. The analysis undertaken in this paper is, consequently, divided into two parts. The first shows the Swedish model of welfare state, that was an inspirational one in the ’70 and ’80, and its specific strengths and vulnerabilities. The second part summarizes Turkey's economic development over the past decade,emphasizing comparative advantages that have made it the 16th largest economy of the world and its strategy in terms of managing the international economic crisis. The final part of our comparative approach aims to respond to the following question: may those two economic models be considered proper economic lessons for the other states that are confronted with economic vulnerabilities?
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