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Synthesis and Characterization of Polypyrrole (PPy) Thin Films

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Author(s): M. A. Chougule | S. G. Pawar | P. R. Godse | R. N. Mulik | Shashwati Sen | V. B. Patil

Journal: Soft Nanoscience Letters
ISSN 2160-0600

Volume: 01;
Issue: 01;
Start page: 6;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Polypyrrole | Chemical Polymerization | XRD | SEM | FTIR

ABSTRACT
Polypyrrole (PPy) was synthesized by chemical oxidative polymerization technique using monomer pyrrole and ammo-nium persulphate as an oxidant in a ratio of 1:1. Thin films of polypyrrole were prepared by dissolving polypyrrole in mcresol and cast using spin coating technique on glass substrates. Thin films of polypyrrole were characterized by X ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infra red spectroscopy (FTIR), UV visible spectroscopy and electrical resistivity by four probe method. The XRD spectra showed that the polypyrrole is amorphous in nature. SEM studies revealed a uniform granular structure of PPy. The FTIR spectra shows that the presence of all characteristics absorption peaks of polypyrrole that is, 890 cm?1 (=C–H out-of-plane vibration), 1040 cm?1 (=C–H in-plane vibration), 1170 cm?1 (N–C stretch bending) and 1410 cm?1 (pyrrole ring vibration). UV visible study shows PPy films exhibit absorption peak at 446 nm (2.77 eV). Room temperature electrical resistivity of PPy is in the critical regime of the metal –to –insulator (M-I) transition.
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