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Texture Control During the Manufacturing of Nonoriented Electrical Steels

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Author(s): Leo Kestens | Sigrid Jacobs

Journal: Texture, Stress, and Microstructure
ISSN 1687-5397

Volume: 2008;
Date: 2008;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Methods of modern quantitative texture analysis are applied in order to characterize the crystallographic texture of various non-oriented electrical steel grades in view of their relation with the magnetic properties of the steel sheet. A texture parameter is defined which quantifies the density of ‹100› easy magnetic directions in the sheet planes. An extensive correlation study revealed the relation of this parameter with the hysteresis losses, determined at an induction of 1.5 T, and with the induction measured at an applied external field of 25 A/cm. It is shown that the latter magnetic property is the more texture dependent, whereas the former one is more sensitive to the grain size of the steel. Also various strategies for texture control are critically reviewed. It is shown that the conventional manufacturing process only provides poor tools for optimizing the texture of the final product. In order to obtain a quantum-leap improvement of the magnetic quality of the texture, in combination with other important microstructural features, nonstandard processing strategies are required, such as cross-rolling, two-stage cold rolling, or surface annealing.

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