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Theoretical and Experimental Analysis of Torsional and Bending Effect on Four Cylinders Engine Crankshafts by Using Finite Element Approach

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Author(s): Prof. R. G. Desavale , A. M. Patil

Journal: International Journal of Engineering Research
ISSN 2319-6890

Volume: 2;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 379;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Key Words: -Torsional vibration | Bending vibration | FFT setup | Modal analysis | Rigid body modes | Static analysis | Critical fillet stresses | ANSYS Macro | Material optimization.

ABSTRACT
The problem of torsional vibration of the crankshaft of high-speed diesel engine has become critical with increase in excitation forces. This results in high torsional vibration amplitudes and hence high stresses the paper aims at complete FEM analysis of a crankshaft for torsional and bending vibrations, identification of stresses. It is analyzed for natural frequency, rigid body mode shape by ANSYS and Holzer method. The complete simulation of actual boundary conditions is done for journal bearing support, inertia lumping for reciprocating parts and bearing stiffness. Customized code is developed in ANSYS-Macros, which will convert user input Pressure-Crank angle variation to excitation forces for various orders through FFT. The dynamic responses obtained for displacement and stresses. Finally all results are combined to obtain the variation of Fillet Stress as a function of engine speed and harmonic orders. The critical dynamic response is compared with results obtained experimentally for torsional amplitudes.
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